Anything that is shown by the video should be described with the audio and text description accordingly and appropriately for assistive programs to be able to accomplish the right content. In addition, the web page as a whole continues to meet the conformance requirements under each of the following conditions: When any technology that is not relied upon is turned on in a user agent, When any technology that is not relied upon is turned off in a user agent, and, When any technology that is not relied upon is not supported by a user agent. Information, structure, and relationships conveyed through presentation can be programmatically determined or are available in text. Guaranteed Compliance: Section 508 ADA PDF Remediation Services. Best Practice: Put form instructions at the top of the form, instead of the middle. Requirements for 508 compliance. Set error/success message container to tabindex="-1". For this document, we are going to use Adobe Acrobat 10. Note 5: The conforming alternative version does not need to reside within the scope of conformance, or even on the same website, as long as it is as freely available as the non-conforming version. The visual presentation of text and images of text has a contrast ratio of at least 4.5:1, except for the following: Select colors for text and background that exceed the contrast requirement. Unfortunately, persons with disabilities, who utilize screen readers or other assistive technologies to read the content of PDFs, often cannot access the content because the documents are not Section 508 compliant. Audio-Only: Provide a text transcript for audio-only content. Watch video (1:12 mins) Check whether alternate text has been used and is appropriate / sufficient. This usually occurs when external content is embedded within a page. More Tips for Section 508 Compliant Accessible Text. Captions are provided for all prerecorded audio content in synchronized media, except when the media is a media alternative for text and is clearly labeled as such. Otherwise, focus cannot be set successfully on the message. If the name for a component is not obvious, provide it for the developer. page elements. Traceability to 508. (See Understanding accessibility support.). Screen readers typically say "Alert dialog" when an alert dialog pops up. Do all informational images have alt text that provides the same level of understanding a visual user would gain? If the technologies being used can achieve the visual presentation, text is used to convey information rather than images of text. No. If using colors that have a gradient, use the lightest color in the gradient for the contrast ratio test. TESTING DOCUMENTS FOR 508 COMPLIANCE To check your document for 508 issues or compliance open the document in a 508 true tester. 3. If technologies are used in a way that is not accessibility supported, or if they are used in a non-conforming way, then they do not block the ability of users to access the rest of the page. I… Provide suggestions on how to correct an error if known fixes are available. (Including only a mark without further explanation on a form field error is not adequate.). An alternative for time-based media or audio description of the prerecorded video content is provided for synchronized media, except when the media is a media alternative for text and is clearly labeled as such. D1. It may not be read by in the correct order by assistive technology. 3. Designers should provide (text) equivalent descriptions for images, and pass them along to the developer(s). One of the requirements to be Section 508 compliant is that – you have to provide text alternatives to all non-text content. Auto-updates to content must be user configurable. Result. Refer to ARIA (radio buttons, segmented inputs), 508 Compliance and Alt Text If you can read the photo, what you read needs to be entered in the alt text Text that is in an image MUST be entered as Alt Text or it cannot be read by assistive technology, and will be inaccessible to some users. It sets standards that must be followed by every federal government department, as well as every organization that receives federal contracts or … It is just as easy to build a 508 compliant document as it is to create a non-compliant one. Provide the text caption files for time-based media. How to test. This guide recaps relevant Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) requirements and calls out specific considerations for content, design, and development. Avoid referring to visual indicators, like "the red button," or "the left-hand side of the page," or "the square box.". If you need to specify height and width, using em units in padding can help keep things in proportion because em units are relative to font size. This kind of comes back to what I was saying at the beginning, is if you already have all that information in the text of the document, then the alt text you might want to put on that map or that image is see the information preceding the image or following the image or whatever. Note 1: For the purpose of determining conformance, alternatives to part of a page's content are considered part of the page when the alternatives can be obtained directly from the page, e.g., a long description or an alternative presentation of a video. Review ARIA tooltip example. If you don't, the cursor will look like a text selector, which will be confusing to sighted users. Avoid using images of text. Determine alt text by asking, "What text would I put here instead of this picture?". The only way to ensure 100% compliance with Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 is to explicitly adhere to the sixteen provisions listed below: 1194.22 Web-based intranet and internet information and applications. How to test. Incidental: Text or images of text that are part of an inactive user interface component, that are pure decoration, that are not visible to anyone, or that are part of a picture that contains significant other visual content, have no contrast requirement. Avoid using meaningful images as background images. Determine alt text by asking, "What text would I put here instead of this picture?" With more than 285 million people in the world who have visual impairments, we know there are many people who could benefit from a more accessible Instagram. The alt text for this image should be alt="Twitter" or similar (depending on the context and how the image is used), but it should not be "blue bird" or anything similar. Audio description is provided for all prerecorded video content in synchronized media. The resources in this section were developed by the Accessible Electronic Documents Community of Practice (AED COP). Avoid using inserted CSS content (pseudo elements ::before and ::after) to add meaningful content. Except for captions and images of text, text can be resized without assistive technology up to 200 percent without loss of content or functionality. If you are developing a course under an old contract and you are not required to develop your course in the LCMS, follow the requirements … It acts like a regular dialog, but it is supposed to convey more of a sense of urgency. 508 compliance is the same as accessibility. Test color contrast with the WebAIM color contrast checker. Information, structure, and relationships conveyed through presentation can be programmatically determined or are available in text. The law applies to all Federal agencies when they develop, procure, maintain, or use electronic and information technology. The first step when determining appropriate alternative text for an image is to decide if the image presents content and if the image has a function. Web pages should be designed to be "responsive" to the size of the display on which they are viewed. Refer to Requirement 5 - Non-Interference to learn more. We are introducing two new improvements to make it easier for people with visual impairments to use Instagram. Click on a topic name to jump to that topic for an explanation of the WCAG requirements (also known as Success Criteria) related to that topic. Do not use ONLY color to indicate errors, such as a red outline around the field. This issue is a violation of Section 508 and WCAG 2.0 Success Criterion 1.1.1. Make tooltips mouse and keyboard accessible. Sometimes a link/anchor () is textual and sometimes it is not.A linked image is non-textual ().I think that the title attribute is not required for links that contain sufficiently descriptive text. Review WebAIM Alternative Text for appropriate use of alternative text. Use a summary or a caption when displaying data tables. If you are a developer, designer, or content manager, keep reading! Provide a descriptive title for each page or screen. Add keyboard accessibility to custom developed interface elements. If title and aria-describedby are both provided, aria-describedby is the accessible description and title is ignored. Example - using an onchange event on a select element without causing a change of context. All pages in the series from start to finish (checkout) conform in order for any page that is part of the process to conform. An alert dialog (role="alertdialog") requires a user action. that conveys content has equivalent alternative text (alt, longdesc, or in the element context). Content owners are the best resource for text descriptions since they know what information they want the image to convey. If a CAPTCHA is used, require the CAPTCHA test to have a text alternative that describes its purpose, and require that an alternate form of the CAPTCHA, using a different modality, also be provided. Audio descriptions are not necessary if all visual descriptions are provided with the sound track narration. More than one way is available to locate a web page within a set of web pages except where the web page is the result of, or a step in, a process. Note: The default red color in CSS does not provide enough contrast against white if it's not large text. Using best practices for creating accessible documents makes Section 508 remediation much less costly. If there are multiple repeated blocks of content, provide a mechanism to bypass each block. Each version should be as conformant as possible. IMG must have an alt attribute for valid HTML5. Associate multimedia files to caption files; label as captioned version. Video-Only or Silent Animation: Provide a text transcript or an audio track for video-only (without sound) content. Any information or functionality that is provided in a way that is not accessibility supported is also available in a way that is accessibility supported. The default human language of each web page can be programmatically determined. (Conformance is not possible at a particular level if any page in the process does not conform at that level or better.). Provide this information with the error notification (3.3.1). The Accessible Name and Accessible Description for images is computed per. Examples of changes in context are: Going to a new page (or anything that would look to a user as if they had moved to a new page), Significantly re-arranging the content of a page. A search function to help users find content, Linking to all of the pages on the site from the home page. In designs show the media player with caption control (CC) and audio description control (AD) buttons visible along-side the other user controls. Provide descriptive headings for sections of content for content structure. Run the accessibility checker: "Missing Alt Text: Tables" If an input error is automatically detected, the item that is in error is identified and the error is described to the user in text. Alt text describes images in words so they can be read and understood by visitors using screen readers. Color is not used as the only visual means of conveying information, indicating an action, prompting a response, or distinguishing a visual element. When any component receives focus, it does not initiate a change of context. Section 508 is an important amendment to The Rehabilitation Act that protects the right of people with disabilities to have equal access to electronic and information technology. Correct the alt text or text alternative to convey the same information obtained visually. (Level A). Labels or instructions are provided when content requires user input. Do not play any audio content automatically. Note 2: The alternate version does not need to be matched page for page with the original (e.g., the conforming alternate version may consist of multiple pages). Sure, you can make the effort to be 508 compliant, but the wording is very vague. When title is provided with alt, aria-labelledby, or aria-label, the value of title is computed as the accessible description. If error is detected immediately when exiting the form, ensure the error notification is keyboard accessible. Identify input errors by describing the errors. All functionality of the content is operable through a keyboard interface without requiring specific timings for individual keystrokes, except where the underlying function requires input that depends on the path of the user's movement and not just the endpoints. All images must have descriptions. page content in alt text-508. Every image, applet, embedded media, plug-in, etc. Home > Blog > Section 508 Compliance Testing Tools & Checklists. Confirmed: A mechanism is available for reviewing, confirming, and correcting information before finalizing the submission. In these cases, try to describe the image without making too many of your own assumptions. Arrange for a caption provider to caption live events. One version would need to be fully conformant in order to meet conformance requirement 1. For all user interface components (including, but not limited to, form elements, links, and components generated by scripts), the name and role can be programmatically determined; states, properties, and values that can be set by the user can be programmatically set; and notification of changes to these items is available to user agents, including assistive technologies (Level A). A mechanism is available to bypass blocks of content that are repeated on multiple web pages. Changing the setting of any user interface component does not automatically cause a change of context unless the user has been advised of the behavior before using the component. Sounds obvious? Ensure that mechanism to control the content is easy to locate, is keyboard operable, and is clearly labelled as to its purpose. Avoid using position: absolute to place content on page. Example: An online store has a series of pages that are used to select and purchase products. 2 Answers. Use text instead. The border around the grouped fields can be hidden programmatically if it conflicts with the design. Don't use javascript to perform a function that changes the page's context on the focus event (onfocus). No part of the page is hidden or obscured or made unavailable at any time. The user cannot navigate out of the dialog by just tabbing, and screen reader users cannot use keyboard shortcuts to access semantic elements (headings, landmarks, form elements, etc.) In addition, the following success criteria apply to all content on the page, including content that is not otherwise relied upon to meet conformance, because failure to meet them could interfere with any use of the page: US Web Design System - User Interface (UI) Components, Accessible Name and Description Inspector (ANDI) Developer Tips. Select a CAPTCHA provider that is already conformant to 508 standards. An Alternative text description is to be provided for every image or graphic. It does not move the keyboard focus. The destination or function of each link/button should be clearly explained in the link/button text or programmatically-determined link context. Large Text is at least 18 point text or at least 14 point for bold text. Web pages do not contain anything that flashes more than three times in any one second period, or the flash is below the general flash and red flash thresholds. After deactivating the element currently in focus, set the focus to a specific location. Best Practice: Ensure that mechanism to control the content is easy to locate, is keyboard operable, and is clearly labelled as to its purpose. Refer to WebAIM’s Using Headings for Content Structure. See Understanding Conforming Alternate Versions. For moving, blinking, scrolling, or auto-updating information, ALL of the following are true: Moving, blinking, scrolling: For any moving, blinking or scrolling information that (1) starts automatically, (2) lasts more than five seconds, and (3) is presented in parallel with other content, there is a mechanism for the user to pause, stop, or hide it, unless the movement, blinking, or scrolling is part of an activity where it is essential; and. I have seen several sites that did include descriptions of what the image shows in the alt text of an image, usually on sites that had made an effort to improve accessibility but misunderstood the requirement. 1. Otherwise, the focus will be lost, effectively sending the focus back to the top of the Document Object Model (DOM). Acrobat 10 is the most widely used program for testing throughout FEMA. Best Practice: Do not skip heading levels or go out of sequence. Best Practice: Do not have content that flashes. Use simple tables instead of complex tables whenever possible. To determine whether Alternate Text has been applied to a Data Table. Development Considerations Improved Accessibility Through Alternative Text Support . Bookmark this guide and refer to it whenever you’re developing new content, websites or digital tools. If your image contains information or represents something meaningful, determine the message the image conveys and write a short, concise text … This software makes it much easier for the developer or the client to add any missing Alternative Text to the non-text content. When a web page is one of a series of web pages presenting a process (i.e., a sequence of steps that need to be completed in order to accomplish an activity), all web pages in the process conform at the specified level or better. 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